EVs are electric vehicles with rechargeable batteries which can be charged by electricity from an external source.

EVSE includes the electrical equipment external to the EV that provides a connection for an EV to a power source for charging and is equipped with advanced features like smart metering, cellular capability, and network connectivity.

EVs include Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) in addition to pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs). PHEVs use both petrol / diesel and electricity. These vehicles have two power systems, an internal combustion engine and a battery. The battery can be recharged by plugging the vehicle into an external source. HEVs combine conventional ICE systems with electric propulsion systems. They use regenerative braking to convert energy that is normally wasted during braking into electricity. This electricity is stored in a battery.

Conventional petrol / diesel vehicles and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles contribute to particulate emissions which is a major reason for vehicular based emission. Battery operated vehicles have zero tailpipe and noise emissions.

An electric car having around 30 kWh battery pack takes less than 1 hour to be charged up to 80% of its battery capacity using Fast Charger (50 kW), while to attain similar percentage of charging, Slow / Moderate charger (15 A plug) takes around 8 hours.

An EV has a higher upfront cost of procurement as compared to its ICE counterpart. However, the cost of charging, maintaining and operating an EV is lower than the ICE vehicle which in turns reduces the TCO of an EV. For example, Tata Tigor and Tata Tigor EV has been considered for calculation. Tata Tigor has a claimed range of approximately 20 kms per litre. Assuming, a running of 100 kms, it would consume around 5 litres of petrol. Assuming the cost of petrol of INR 86.95 per litre, as of 08 Feb 2021. Hence, the cost of travelling 100 kms is INR 434.75. Tata Tigor EV, with a total battery capacity of 21.5 kWh, the total cost of charging the EV would be 21.5 kWh x INR 4.5 per kWh (Assuming EV home charging tariff for Delhi), i.e. around INR 96.75. Hence it is economical to operate an EV than ICE vehicle.

EV can be charged either at PCS or at your home. Government is deploying Public EV chargers at a faster pace so that EV owners can charge their vehicles comfortably. Apart from this, many Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) are setting up EV charging stations at their oil retail outlets / fuel pumps such that EV owners can easily locate charging stations. Many Private Players are setting up public EV Charging stations across pan India too.

Yes, Electric Vehicles are safe as internal combustion engine vehicles. The batteries fitted in the EV commercially sold in India go through rigorous testing procedures at National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) certified labs. Certification agencies in India like ARAI, ICAT certify EV and Chargers for safety and quality as per the National standards provided by BIS. Thus, it is safe to drive an EV.

As per data available with Bureau of energy efficiency, more than 5000 public EV chargers are operational in India as of 30 th November, 2022. The number is steadily increasing with new devices getting installed by different players, both public and private players.

An EV user may apply for subsidy on his electric vehicle purchase from states through the online or offline mode or directly from dealers. For online links, go to Apply for Subsidy link on State tabs.

The cost for a single charge (home charge) shall vary State to State as per notified State EV tariff and battery capacity of the vehicle. This can be estimated by the formula = Battery capacity (in kWh) X EV charging tariff (in INR/ kWh) . The information is available on https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in/

Information about Specifications of Public charging infrastructure is available at Annexure-III - Indian Standards EV Charging notified by BIS of 01.11.2021 in MoP consolidated guidelines given on - https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in/central-govt-initiative-details/mop-2022/

Bureau of Energy Efficiency has developed a Mobile application ‘EV Yatra’ for providing to the EV user, information about the nearest public EV charging station, availability of charger/connector and service charge cost. This App is compatible with the Android and IOS versions available at play store and APP store. This Apps may be downloaded by scanning QR code on the website https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in

Central as well as State governments have been promoting adoption of EVs by providing fiscal as well as non-fiscal incentives. Some of the incentives being provided on purchase of EVs are:  Upfront capital subsidy under FAME India Scheme Phase II  Goods & Services Tax (GST) on EVs has been reduced from 12% to 5%  Income tax deduction can be claimed on the interest paid on loans taken for purchase of EVs. More information can be sought under state Government Initiatives Tab available at https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in

Various Government schemes have been launched by various Government agencies for promotion of electric vehicles in India given in the below link - https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in/central- govt-initiatives/

The cost of charging an electric vehicle at a public EV charging station varies substantially based on the amount of charge necessary, EV charging Tariff applicable in the state , and the type of public charging station being used ( Slow/Fast). Slow charging of EVs may cost less compared to fast charging due to the convenience and greater capital investment that goes into a Fast Charger. To estimate the time and cost accrued while charging electric vehicle at public points use may visit https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in

A public Charge Point operator can visit https://evyatra.beeindia.gov.in .Click on the Login tab and register by clicking on ‘Register as CPO’ on login page and after furnishing details sought on the portal and approval from BEE, can add the charger details through login page. Username and password shall communicated on registered mail and an OTP on registered mobile number.